Friday, September 4, 2009

Tamarindus indica

Botanical name : Tamarindus indica Linn.
Family : Caesalpiniaceae

SANSKRIT SYNONYMS
Tintrini, Chincha, Tindidi, Tindida

AYURVEDIC PROPERTIES
Rasa : Amla
Guna : Guru, Rooksha
Virya : Ushna
Vipaka : Amla

PLANT NAME IN DIFFERENT LANGUAGES
English : Tamarind tree
Hindi : Imli, Amli
Malayalam : Valanpuli, Puli, Kolpuli

Distribution – Throughout India growing wild, also cultivated.

PLANT DESCRIPTION
A large evergreen tree grows up to 40 meters in height. Leaves paripinnately compound. Leaflets small in slender rachis, 10-15 pairs, oblong; flowers yellowish orange, striped in red, found in racemes in the slender branches. Fruits brown compressed pods. Seeds dark brown, stony hard, covered with sour jelly.

MEDICINAL PROPERTIES
Plant pacifies vitiated vata, kapha, indigestion, dyspepsia, swelling, inflammation, pain, arthritis, skin diseases, stomatitis, constipation, hemorrhoids, menorrhagia, leucorrhoea and urinary retention.
Useful part : Fruit, Leaves, Seeds, Root.

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