Wednesday, September 9, 2009

Acacia nilotica


Botanical name : Acacia nilotica (Linn.) Willd.ex.Del
Family : Mimosaceae

SANSKRIT SYNONYMS
Barbara, Vavari

AYURVEDIC PROPERTIES
Rasa : Kashaya, Madhura
Guna : Guru, Rooksha, Vishada
Virya : Seeta
Vipaka : Madhura

PLANT NAME IN DIFFERENT LANGUAGES
English : Babul, Indian Gum Arabic tree
Hindi : Babul
Malayalam : Karivelam

Distribution – Throughout India growing wild in deciduous forests.

PLANT DESCRIPTION
A small to moderate sized thorny tree grows up to 10 meters in height. Leaves bipinnate, main rachis downy, pinnate 4-9 pairs, leaflets subsessile, 10-18 pairs; flowers golden yellow found in heads, axillary, fruits stalked, compressed, with constrictions between seeds. Seeds 10-12 per pod. Gum arise from the bark is called Gum Arabic.

MEDICINAL PROPERTIES
Plant pacifies vitiated kapha, pitta, pyorrhea, stomatitis, wounds, hemorrhage, ulcers, dysentery, diarrhea, skin diseases, burning sensation, cough, and dental caries.
Useful part : Bark, Gum.

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