Wednesday, September 9, 2009

Allium sativum


Botanical name : Allium sativum Linn.
Family : Liliaceae

SANSKRIT SYNONYMS
Lasuna, Ugragandha, Bhootaghni, Rasona

AYURVEDIC PROPERTIES
Rasa : Madhura, Lavana, Katu, Tikta, Kashaya
Guna : Snigdha, Teekshna, Pichila, Guru, Sara
Virya : Ushna
Vipaka: Katu

PLANT NAME IN DIFFERENT LANGUAGES
English : Garlic
Hindi : Beluli, Lasan
Malayalam : Veluthulli, Vellulli, Vellavenkayam.

Distribution – Cultivated in U.P, Bihar, Karnataka, and Tamilnadu states in India.

PLANT DESCRIPTION
A peculiar odoured perennial herb with underground bulbs. Compound white bulb is enclosed by thin whitish scales; inside that several bulblets can be seen. Stem arises from the middle of bulblets and is covered with leaf sheath. Leaves simple, long flat; flowers are sterile small in umbel.

MEDICINAL PROPERTIES
Plant pacifies vitiated vata, kapha, cough, asthma, fever facial paralysis, colic, indigestion, ulcers, skin diseases, hypercholestremia, cardiac diseases, vitilligo, hemorrhoids, sciatica, arthritis, and as a general tonic.
Useful part : Bulb.

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