Wednesday, September 9, 2009
Botanical name : Areca catechu Linn.
Family : Arecaceae
Kramuka, Pooga, Pumgiphala, Guvaka, Khoranda, Udvegam
Rasa : Kashaya, Madhura
Guna : Guru, Rooksha, Vyavayi
Virya : Seeta
Vipaka : Katu
PLANT NAME IN DIFFERENT LANGUAGES
English : Arecanut tree, Betelnut tree
Hindi : Supari
Malayalam : Kavungu, Kamuku, Kamungu, Adakkamaram
Distribution – Cultivated in various parts of India, especially on South India.
A tall slender unibranched palm tree grows up to 40-60 meters in height. Leaves pinnate with conspicuous sheaths; flowers in broad spadix, monoecious, male numerous, at upper part and female few, at base. Fruits smooth globose, smooth and orange when ripe, containing single seed.
Plant pacifies vitiated vata, kapha, urinary system diseases, worm infestations, dental caries, constipation, traumatic edema, infection, anorexia and indigestion. In overdose it may cause fainting and excessive salivation. Habitual chewing of betalnut is carcinogenic.
Useful part : Root, Leaves, fruits.