Botanical name : Cannabis sativa Linn.
Family : Cannabinaceae
Bhanga, Ganjika, Vijaya, Harshini, Matulani, Indrasana
Rasa : Tikta
Guna : Lakhu, Teekshna, Rooksha
Virya : Ushna
Vipaka : Katu
Prabhava : Madakari
PLANT NAME IN DIFFERENT LANGUAGES
English : Indian hemp
Hindi : Bhang, Ganja, Charas
Malayalam : Kanjavu, Sivamooli
Distribution – Cultivated throughout India, and growing wildly in Himalayan areas.
An erect annual herb, grows up to 5 m in height. Leaves are palmately compound, 3-8 foliated, with long petiole; flowers unisexual, male in dhort drooping panicles, females in axillary spikes. Fruits achenes, seeds small and black colored.
Plant pacifies vitiated vata, pain, Insomnia, abdominal disorders, cough, insanity, erectile dysfunction, and inflammation. In any dose, all part of plant shows narcotic property.
Useful part : Dried leaf, Flowering shoot.