Wednesday, September 9, 2009

Cannabis sativa

Botanical name : Cannabis sativa Linn.
Family : Cannabinaceae

SANSKRIT SYNONYMS
Bhanga, Ganjika, Vijaya, Harshini, Matulani, Indrasana

AYURVEDIC PROPERTIES
Rasa : Tikta
Guna : Lakhu, Teekshna, Rooksha
Virya : Ushna
Vipaka : Katu
Prabhava : Madakari

PLANT NAME IN DIFFERENT LANGUAGES
English : Indian hemp
Hindi : Bhang, Ganja, Charas
Malayalam : Kanjavu, Sivamooli

Distribution – Cultivated throughout India, and growing wildly in Himalayan areas.

PLANT DESCRIPTION
An erect annual herb, grows up to 5 m in height. Leaves are palmately compound, 3-8 foliated, with long petiole; flowers unisexual, male in dhort drooping panicles, females in axillary spikes. Fruits achenes, seeds small and black colored.

MEDICINAL PROPERTIES
Plant pacifies vitiated vata, pain, Insomnia, abdominal disorders, cough, insanity, erectile dysfunction, and inflammation. In any dose, all part of plant shows narcotic property.
Useful part : Dried leaf, Flowering shoot.

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