Wednesday, September 9, 2009

Cassia occidentalis

Botanical name : Cassia occidentalis Linn.
Family : Caesalpiniaceae

SANSKRIT SYNONYMS
Kasamarda

AYURVEDIC PROPERTIES
Rasa : Tikta, Madhura
Guna : Lakhu
Virya : Ushna
Vipaka : Madhura

PLANT NAME IN DIFFERENT LANGUAGES
English : Negro coffee, Stinking weed
Hindi : Kasaundi, Barikasaundi.
Malayalam : Ponnaveeram, Kasamarda, Ponnariveeram

Distribution
Throughout India, in wastelands, also cultivated.

PLANT DESCRIPTION
An undershrub grows up to 2 meters in height. Leaves pinnately compound, paripinnate, with 3-5 pairs; flowers yellow, in short pedunculated racemes. Fruits compressed, 8-12 cm long, containing 10-30 ovoid, compressed and grayish brown seeds.

MEDICINAL PROPERTIES
Plant pacifies vitiated vata, kapha, cough, bronchitis, allergy, asthma, fever constipation, diabetes, skin diseases, wounds and ulcers.
Useful part : Root, Seeds, Leaves.

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