Wednesday, September 9, 2009

Cassia senna




Botanical name: Cassia senna Linn
Family : Caesalpiniaceae

SANSKRIT SYNONYMS
Svarnaparti, Hemapatri, Kalyani, Malaharini, Sonamukhi, Rechani

AYURVEDIC PROPERTIES
Rasa : Kashaya, Tikta, Madhura
Guna : Lakhu, Rooksha, Sara
Virya : Ushna
Prabhava : Rechana

PLANT NAME IN DIFFERENT LANGUAGES
English : Indian senna,
Hindi : Sanay, Sana ka pat.
Malayalam : Sunnamukki.

PLANT DESCRIPTION
A small shrub grows up to 70 cm height with erect or spreading branches. Leaves are paripinnate, leaflets are 5-8, ovate, lanceolate and glabrous. Flowers are recemes, yellow, arises from axils. Fruits are flat legumes, greenish brown or dark brown up to 7 cm long. Seeds are 5-7 per pods, dark brown and smooth.

MEDICINAL PROPERTIES
The plant pacifies vitiated pitta, vata, constipation, jaundice, dyspepsia, helminthiasis, cough, and bronchitis.
Useful part : Leaves.

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