Wednesday, September 9, 2009

Citrullus colocynthis

Botanical name : Citrullus colocynthis (Linn.) Schrader
Family : Cucurbitaceae

SANSKRIT SYNONYMS
Indravaruni, Mahendravaruni, Visala, Indrahva, Mrugadani, Gavadana, Kshudraphala, Gavakshi

AYURVEDIC PROPERTIES
Rasa : Tikta, Katu
Guna : Rooksha, Teekshna
Virya : Ushna
Vipaka : Katu

PLANT NAME IN DIFFERENT LANGUAGES
English : Colocynth, Bitter apple
Hindi : Makkal, Badi indrayan
Malayalam : Valiya Kattuvellari, Valiya pekkummatti

Distribution – Growing naturally in the warm areas of India.

PLANT DESCRIPTION
A spreading annual herb with bifid tendrils. Leaves deeply lobed, with narrow lobes, thick, fleshy, glabrous and hairy. Flowers monoecious, yellow and solitary. Fruits globose fleshy green berries, marked with white streaks, contain numerous pale brown seeds.

MEDICINAL PROPERTIES
Plant pacifies vitiated pitta, kapha constipation, urinary tract infections, jaundice, worm infestation, tumor, ascites, skin diseases, asthma, bronchitis, and abdominal disorders.
Useful part : Fruits, Roots.

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