Wednesday, September 9, 2009

Cuminum cyminum

Botanical name : Cuminum cyminum Linn.
Family : Apiaceae

SANSKRIT SYNONYMS
Jeeraka, Gaurajeeraka

AYURVEDIC PROPERTIES
Rasa : Katu, Madhura
Guna : Guru
Virya : Seeta

PLANT NAME IN DIFFERENT LANGUAGES
English : Headache tree
Hindi : Jira, Saphed Jira, Shoufa, Dhaniya
Malayalam : Jeerakam, Vella Jeerakam

Distribution – Throughout India, cultivated

PLANT DESCRIPTION
A small annual herb grows up to 40 cm in height. Leaves alternate, compound, filiform segment, with sheeting bases; flowers small white, found in compound umbels. Fruits greenish, turns grey when ripe, tapering towards both ends, covered with papillose hairs.

MEDICINAL PROPERTIES
Plant pacifies vitiated kapha, vata, dyspepsia, colic, indigestion, worm infestation, flatulence, vomiting, hemorrhoids, calculi, leucorrhoea, skin diseases, fever, asthma, cough, and general debility.
Useful part : Fruits

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