Tuesday, September 8, 2009

Dalbergia latifolia

Botanical name : Dalbergia latifolia Roxb. (D. emerginata Roxb, D. sissoides Grah.)
Family : Leguminosae

SANSKRIT SYNONYMS
Simsipa, Sinsipa, Krishnasara, Gurusara, Krishnasimsapa

AYURVEDIC PROPERTIES
Rasa : Tikta, Kashaya
Guna : Lakhu, Rooksha
Virya : Ushna
Vipaka : Katu

PLANT NAME IN DIFFERENT LANGUAGES
English : Rose wood, Indian rose wood, Black wood
Hindi : Sitsal
Malayalam : Eeti, Kariveeti, Veeti

Distribution – Growing naturally in wet deciduous forests of Himachal pradesh, Madhya pradesh and Kerala, in India.

PLANT DESCRIPTION
A large sized tree grows up to 40 meters in height. Leaves imparipinnately compound, leaflets alternate, ovate, obtuse, membraneous and pubescent. Flowers found in axillary panicles, small, and bisexual. Fruits long, elliptical, up to 7 cm long, containing 1-3 winged seeds. Heartwood is dark brown colored, and very hard; used extensively as a timber.

MEDICINAL PROPERTIES
Plant pacifies vitiated kapha, vata, indigestion, colic, flatulence, obesity, diarrhea, skin diseases, intestinal worms, and body pain.
Useful part : Bark, Root, Leaves.

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