Tuesday, September 8, 2009

Ensete superba

Botanical name : Ensete superba (Roxb) Cheesman. (Musa superba Roxb.)
Family : Musaceae

SANSKRIT SYNONYMS
Devakeli, Kamakshi, Krishna-tamara

AYURVEDIC PROPERTIES
Rasa : Tikta, Madhura
Guna : Lakhu
Virya : Seeta

PLANT NAME IN DIFFERENT LANGUAGES
English : Wild plantain, Indian bead
Hindi : Sabbajaya
Malayalam : Kalluvazha, Malavazha, Kattuvazha

Distribution – Growing wild in Western Ghats, in India

PLANT DESCRIPTION
An erect annual or perennial (up to 4 years) shrub grows up to 4 meters in height. Leaves simple ovate, and large with broad base, which wrap one on another forms the pseudo stem. Flowers unisexual, in drooping spikes, arises from the tip of the plant, female at base and males at top. Fruits berries, golden yellow when ripe, contain numerous brown, stony hard seeds.

MEDICINAL PROPERTIES
Plant pacifies vitiated vata, pitta, kidney and vesical calculi, urinary retentions, burns and scalds, edema, leucorrhea, menorrhagia and general weakness.
Useful part : Fruits, Seeds, Leaf juice.

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