Tuesday, September 8, 2009

Ficus carica

Botanical name : Ficus carica Linn.
Family : Moraceae

SANSKRIT SYNONYMS
Falgu, Anjeera, Manjula

AYURVEDIC PROPERTIES
Rasa : Madhura
Guna : Guru, Snigdha, Sara
Virya : Seeta
Vipaka : Madhura

PLANT NAME IN DIFFERENT LANGUAGES
English : Fig.
Hindi : Anjeer
Malayalam : Seema ati, Athipazham

Distribution – Throughout India growing wild dry areas.

PLANT DESCRIPTION
A moderate sized tree grows up to 15 meters in height. Leaves simple, alternate, large, ovate, acute, cordate and hairy. Flowers seen in receptacles, arises from the axils of old leaves. Upper part of receptacle occupied by female flowers and lower part male. The ripen receptacle, saikonium, contain large number of small whitish seeds.

MEDICINAL PROPERTIES
Plant pacifies vitiated vata, pitta, burning sensation, burning micturition, sexual weakness, constipation, hemorrhoids, cough, intestinal worms, wounds, ulcers and general debility.
Useful part : Fruits, Latex.

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