Tuesday, September 8, 2009

Holoptelea integrifolia

Botanical name : Holoptelea integrifolia (Roxb.) Planch
Family : Ulmaceae

SANSKRIT SYNONYMS
Chirivilva, Pootikaranja

AYURVEDIC PROPERTIES
Rasa : Tikta, Kashaya
Guna : Lakhu, Rooksha,
Virya : Ushna

PLANT NAME IN DIFFERENT LANGUAGES
English : Indian elm, Kanju
Hindi : Papri, Cilbil
Malayalam : Aavil, Njettaval

PLANT DESCRIPTION
A medium to large sized glabrous deciduous tree grows up to 30 meters in height. Bark whitish yellowish grey; exfoliate with regular intervals and with offensive smell when cut. Leaves simple alternate, elliptic, entire glaberous with cordate base. Flowers greenish yellow. Male and bisexual flowers mixed in short racemes near leaf axils. Fruits are sub orbicular samara with membranous wings.

MEDICINAL PROPERTIES
Plant pacifies vitiated kapha, hemorrhoids, skin diseases, dyspepsia, flatulence, colic and vomiting. Grinded leaves cure alopecia when applied externally.
Useful part : Leaves, Bark

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