Tuesday, September 8, 2009

Miristica fragrans

Botanical name : Miristica fragrans Houtt.
Family : Myristicaceae

SANSKRIT SYNONYMS
Jati, Jateephala, Malatiphala

AYURVEDIC PROPERTIES
Rasa : Katu, Tikta, Kashaya
Guna : Lakhu, Snigda, Teekshna
Virya : Ushna
Vipaka : Katu

PLANT NAME IN DIFFERENT LANGUAGES
English : Nutmeg tree, Mace tree
Hindi : Jay ka pat, Jayphal
Malayalam : Jatikkai

PLANT DESCRIPTION
A moderate sized evergreen tree grows up to 25 meters in height. Leaves elliptic or oblong – lanceolate, shiny above and dull beneath. Flowers creamy yellow, fragrant, and unisexual, found in umbellate cymes. Fruits yellow, broadly pyriform or globose, fleshy pericarp, split into two equal halves when mature. Seeds oblong, with shiny testa, covered partially by shiny, yellowish red arils.

MEDICINAL PROPERTIES
Plant pacifies vitiated kapha, vata, diarrhea, colic, and prevent the premature ejaculation of semen. Seeds and arils have carminative properties.
Useful part : Seeds (nutmeg) and aril (mace).

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