Tuesday, September 8, 2009

Nardostachys jatamamsi

Botanical name : Nardostachys jatamamsi DC. ( N. grandiflora DC)
Family : Valerianaceae

SANSKRIT SYNONYMS
Jatamamsi, Mamsi, Bhootajata, Jatila, Tapasvani, Missi, Sulochana

AYURVEDIC PROPERTIES
Rasa : Tikta, Kashaya, Madhura
Guna : Lakhu, Teekshna, Snigdha
Virya : Seeta
Vipaka : Katu

PLANT NAME IN DIFFERENT LANGUAGES
English : Indian night shade.
Hindi : Barhata, Jatamamsi
Malayalam : Jatamanji, Jatamamsi, Manji

Distribution – In the Himalayas, in high altitude from 3300-5000 meters

PLANT DESCRIPTION
An erect perennial herb grows up to 60 cm in height. Leaves radical, long, spathulate, sessile, oblong, glabrous and pubescent; flowers small rose colored or pale pink, in cymose inflorescence. Fruits covered with white hairs. Rhizomes are reddish brown, fibrous and aromatic.

MEDICINAL PROPERTIES
Plant pacifies vitiated pitta, vata, burning sensation, insanity, epilepsy, asthma, bronchitis, headache, inflammations, colic, flatulence, hepatitis, kidney diseases, low back pain, hypertension, graying or falling of hair and general debility.
Useful part : Rhizomes.

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