Tuesday, September 8, 2009

Ocimum sanctum

Botanical name : Ocimum sanctum Linn (White variety)
Family : Lamiaceae

SANSKRIT SYNONYMS
Tulasi, Surasa, Svetatulasi.

AYURVEDIC PROPERTIES
Rasa : Kashaya, Tikta
Guna : Lakhu, Rooksha
Virya : Ushna

PLANT NAME IN DIFFERENT LANGUAGES

English : Holy basil, Sacred basil, White basil
Hindi : Tulsi
Malayalam : Tulasi, Velutta tulasi, Veluttatrittav.

PLANT DESCRIPTION
An erect much branched undershrub, grows up to 1 m in height. Leaves are pale greenish in color, simple, opposite, elliptic, oblong, obtuse or acute, serrate, entire, pubescent on both sides. Petiole slender and hairy. Flwers purplish in elongate recemes. Fruits nutlets, smooth, not mucilaginous when wet.

MEDICINAL PROPERTIES
Plant pacifies vitiated tridoshas, cough, asthma, bronchitis, fever, toxins, vomiting, lumbago, gastric distension, genito-urinary diseases, ringworm and skin diseases.
Useful part : Whole plant.

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