Tuesday, September 8, 2009

Oryza sativa

Botanical name : Oryza sativa Linn.
Family : Poaceae

SANSKRIT SYNONYMS
Dhanya, Vreehi, Sali

AYURVEDIC PROPERTIES
Rasa : Madhura
Guna : Guru
Virya : Seeta

PLANT NAME IN DIFFERENT LANGUAGES
English : Paddy, Rice
Hindi : Dhan, Chaval
Malayalam : Nellu, Ari

Distribution – Throughout India, cultivated.

PLANT DESCRIPTION
A small annual herb grows up to 1 meter in height. Leaves simple, long, narrow, acute, pubescent, scrubby surfaces. Flowers spikelets, in terminal panicles. Lemma and palea surrounds the kernel is golden yellow, and straw colored when ripe. Grains are oblong, in lemma and palea. Roots are fibrous arises from the swollen nodes.

MEDICINAL PROPERTIES
Plant pacifies vitiated vata, pitta, urinary retention, diarrhea, colic and general weakness. It is a staple food for most of the Indians.
Useful part : Root, Grains.

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