Botanical name : Oryza sativa Linn.
Family : Poaceae
Dhanya, Vreehi, Sali
Rasa : Madhura
Guna : Guru
Virya : Seeta
PLANT NAME IN DIFFERENT LANGUAGES
English : Paddy, Rice
Hindi : Dhan, Chaval
Malayalam : Nellu, Ari
Distribution – Throughout India, cultivated.
A small annual herb grows up to 1 meter in height. Leaves simple, long, narrow, acute, pubescent, scrubby surfaces. Flowers spikelets, in terminal panicles. Lemma and palea surrounds the kernel is golden yellow, and straw colored when ripe. Grains are oblong, in lemma and palea. Roots are fibrous arises from the swollen nodes.
Plant pacifies vitiated vata, pitta, urinary retention, diarrhea, colic and general weakness. It is a staple food for most of the Indians.
Useful part : Root, Grains.