Botanical name: Catunaregum spinosa (Thunb.) Tirvengadum.
Randia dumetorum (Retz.) Lam.
Family : Rubiaceae
Madana, Vamanaphala, Teevragandhi.
Rasa : Kashaya, Tikta, Madhura
Guna : Guru
Virya : Ushna
PLANT NAME IN DIFFERENT LANGUAGES
English : Emetic nut tree
Hindi : Mainphal, Madan
Malayalam : Malankara, Karachulli
Distribution – In dry deciduous forests in India; also cultivated for medicinal purpose.
A large deciduous thorny shrub grows up to 5 meters of height. Leaves simple, obovate, wrinkled, shiny and pubescent. Flowers white, fragrant, solitary, seen on at the end of short branches. Fruits globose, smooth berries with longitudinal ribs; yellow when ripe. Seeds many, compressed, embedded in the dark fetid pulp.
Plant pacifies vitiated pitta, kapha, cough, skin diseases, ulcers, asthma, flatulence, colic, and is widely used as a medicine for emesis therapy in ayurveda.
Useful part : Fruits, Bark.