Saturday, September 5, 2009

Santalum album

Botanical name : Santalum album Linn.
Family : Santalaceae
SANSKRIT SYNONYMS
Chandana, Srikhandam
AYURVEDIC PROPERTIES
Rasa : Kashaya, Madhura, Tikta
Guna : Guru
Virya : Seeta
PLANT NAME IN DIFFERENT LANGUAGES
English : Sandal tree, White sandal tree
Hindi : Safed chandan, Santal
Malayalam : Chandanan
Distribution – In dry deciduous forests in India, especially in Kerala, Karnataka and Tamilnadu districts.
PLANT DESCRIPTION
A medium sized evergreen plant grows up to 20 meters in height. Plant is a root parasite. Leaves simple opposite, elliptic-lanceolate, glabrous, entire; flowers brown or purple in terminal and axillary panicle, fruits globose drupes, dark purple when ripe, seeds hard and globose. Heartwood is light yellow colored and scented.
MEDICINAL PROPERTIES
Plant pacifies vitiated pitta, burning sensation, headache, hyper prespration, skin disease, psychotic ailments, memory loss, cardio myopathy, ulcer, jaundice, cough and inflammations.
Useful part : Heartwood

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