Saturday, September 5, 2009

Sesamum indicum

Botanical Name : Sesamum indicum Linn.
Family : Pedaliaceae
SANSKRIT SYNONYMS
Tilah, Snehaphala, Paravata
AYURVEDIC PROPERTIES
Rasa : Madhura, Katu, Tikta
Guna : Guru, Snigda
Virya : Ushna
Vipaka : Madhura, Katu
PLANT NAME IN DIFFERENT LANGUAGES
English : Sesame, Gingili
Hindi : Til
Malayalam : Ellu
PLANT DESCRIPTION
An erect annual pubescent herb grows up to 1 meter in height, and branched from the base. Leaves are large, thin, the lower ones lobed, uppermost are linear, usually ovate and toothed. Flowers are white, purplish or yellow arises as racemes from leaf axils. Fruits are quadrangular, oblong capsules, dehiscent from above the half way down. Seeds many, either black or white.
MEDICINAL PROPERTIES
Plant pacifies vitiated kapha, pitta, dysentery, nephropathy, skin diseases, hemorrhoids, ulcers, migraine, and alopecia. Seed oil act as a medium in medicated oil preparations in ayurveda
Useful part : Root, Leaves, Seed, Oil.

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