Botanical name : Solannum melongena Linn.
Family : Solanaceae
Rasa : Kashaya, Tikta, Madhura
Guna : Guru
Virya : Seeta
PLANT NAME IN DIFFERENT LANGUAGES
English : Brinjal, Egg plant
Hindi : Bengan, Badanjan
Malayalam : Vazhutina
Distribution – Throughout India, Cultivated
An herbaceous erect perennial plant grows up to 1 meter in height. Leaves simple, large, lobed or toothed, armed or unarmed with thorns on veins; flowers pale blue in clusters of 2-5; fruits large, long, curved or straight, green or purple colored berries, with thick persistent calyx. Fruits contain many small seeds embedded in the pulp.
Plant pacifies vitiated vata, pitta, inflammation, neuralgia, cardiac debility, ulcers, bronchitis, cholera, asthma, fever and general debility. Unripe fruits are used in India as vegetable.
Useful part : Root, Leaves, Unripe fruits.