Friday, September 4, 2009

Terminalia chebula Retz.

Botanical name : Terminalia chebula Retz.
Family : Combretaceae

SANSKRIT SYNONYMS
Pathya, Abhaya, Rohinee, Chetaki, Haritaki

AYURVEDIC PROPERTIES
Rasa : Katu, Tikta, Kashaya, Madhura, Amla
Guna : Lakhu, Rooksha
Virya : Ushna

PLANT NAME IN DIFFERENT LANGUAGES
English : Chebulic myrobalan
Hindi : Hara, Harara, Harad
Malayalam : Kadukka

PLANT DESCRIPTION
A moderate sized to large deciduous tree with spreading branches. Leaves ovate, elliptic, or obovate, glabrous to tawny-villous beneath with a pair of large glands at the top of the petiole; flowers yellowish white in the terminal simple spikes or short panicles fruits glabrous, shining, ellipsoidal, obovoid or ovoid drupes, yellow to orange brown in color, faintly angled, up to 3.75 cm long; seeds hard, pale yellow.

MEDICINAL PROPERTIES
Plant pacifies vitiated tridoshas, wound, ulcer, inflammation, anorexia, flatulence, haemorrhoids, jaundice, hiccough, cough, vesical and renal calculi, epilepsy, skin diseases, leprosy, intermittent fever, cardiac disorders, stomatitis, neuropathy and general debility.
Useful part : Mature and immature fruits

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