Botanical name : Vigna unguiculata (Linn.) Walp.
Family : Fabaceae
Rasa : Madhura, Kashaya
Guna : Guru
Virya : Seeta.
PLANT NAME IN DIFFERENT LANGUAGES
English : Cow pea
Hindi : Lobiya, Santa
Malayalam : Payar, Vellappayar, Kottappayar.
Distribution –Cultivated throughout India
A small twinning annual herb. Leaves trifoliate, leaflets ovate or rhomboidal, entire; flowers small, white or purple in racemes. Fruits are long pods containing about 10-20 seeds, with variety of colors from white to black.
Plant pacifies vitiated kapha, pitta, constipation, worm infestation, jaundice, general debility, and is a stimulator of breast milk production. Useful part : Seed.