Wednesday, September 9, 2009

Acorus calamus


Botanical name : Acorus calamus Linn.
Family : Araceae

SANSKRIT SYNONYMS
Vacha, Ugragandha, Golomi, Jatila, Shatgrandhi, Sataparvita

AYURVEDIC PROPERTIES
Rasa : Katu, Tikta
Guna : Lakhu, Teekshna
Virya : Ushna
Vipaka: Katu
Prabhava : Medhya

PLANT NAME IN DIFFERENT LANGUAGES
English : Sweet flag
Hindi : Baach, Vacha
Malayalam : Vayambu

Distribution – Throughout India growing wild in marshy areas. Also cultivated

PLANT DESCRIPTION
A rhizomatous, perennial semi aquatic plant grows up to 40 cm in height. Leaves simple, bright green, distichous, thickened in the middle, ensiform; flowers seen in densely packed spadix inflorescence, fruits oblong berries seeds few suspended from the apex of cells. Underground rhizomes are creeping, branched about 1 cm in diameter.

MEDICINAL PROPERTIES
Plant pacifies vitiated vata, kapha, insomnia, insanity, other mental diseases, epilepsy, mania, stomatitis, hoarseness of voice, colic, flatulence, amenorrhea, dysmenorrhea, neuropathy, renal calculi, cough, inflammation, arthritis, kidney diseases, hemorrhoids, skin diseases and general debility.
Useful part : Underground rhizomes.

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