Botanical name : Acorus calamus Linn.
Family : Araceae
Vacha, Ugragandha, Golomi, Jatila, Shatgrandhi, Sataparvita
Rasa : Katu, Tikta
Guna : Lakhu, Teekshna
Virya : Ushna
Prabhava : Medhya
PLANT NAME IN DIFFERENT LANGUAGES
English : Sweet flag
Hindi : Baach, Vacha
Malayalam : Vayambu
Distribution – Throughout India growing wild in marshy areas. Also cultivated
A rhizomatous, perennial semi aquatic plant grows up to 40 cm in height. Leaves simple, bright green, distichous, thickened in the middle, ensiform; flowers seen in densely packed spadix inflorescence, fruits oblong berries seeds few suspended from the apex of cells. Underground rhizomes are creeping, branched about 1 cm in diameter.
Plant pacifies vitiated vata, kapha, insomnia, insanity, other mental diseases, epilepsy, mania, stomatitis, hoarseness of voice, colic, flatulence, amenorrhea, dysmenorrhea, neuropathy, renal calculi, cough, inflammation, arthritis, kidney diseases, hemorrhoids, skin diseases and general debility.
Useful part : Underground rhizomes.