Tuesday, September 8, 2009

Gardenia gummifera

Botanical name : Gardenia gummifera Linn.f. (G. lucida Roxb)
Family : Verbenaceae

SANSKRIT SYNONYMS
Nadeehingu, Hingunadika, Jantuka, Gandharaja

AYURVEDIC PROPERTIES
Rasa : Katu, Tikta, Kashaya
Guna : Teekshna
Virya : Ushna
Vipaka : Katu

PLANT NAME IN DIFFERENT LANGUAGES
English : White emetic nut
Hindi : Dekamari
Malayalam : Gandharajan, Somanadi kayam

Distribution – In the dry deciduous forests in Karnataka, Gujarat states, in India

PLANT DESCRIPTION
A large shrub or small tree grows up to 7 meters in height. Leaves simple, opposite, elliptic, oblong, shining with prominent nerves; flowers white, then change to yellow, found in leaf axils. Fruits large berries with hard endocarp. Seeds many, compressed and shining. The resin exudate from the stem is used as medicine.

MEDICINAL PROPERTIES
Plant pacifies vitiated vata, kapha, skin disease, indigestion, worm infestation, diarrhea and infections. The resin has antiseptic property.
Useful part : Resin.

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