Friday, September 4, 2009

Tephrosia purpurea

Botanical name : Tephrosia purpurea (Linn.) Pers.
Family : Fabaceae

SANSKRIT SYNONYMS
Sarapunkha, Bana, Banapunkha, Pleehasatru

AYURVEDIC PROPERTIES
Rasa : Tikta, Kashaya
Guna : Lakhu, Rooksha, Teekshna
Virya : Ushna
Vipaka : Katu

PLANT NAME IN DIFFERENT LANGUAGES
English : Purple tephrosia, Wild indigo
Hindi : Saraphonka
Malayalam : Kozhinjil, Kattamari, Kozhuva

Distribution – Throughout India growing wild in wastelands.

PLANT DESCRIPTION
A small spreading perennial herb grows up to 50 cm in height. Leaves compound, imparipinnate, with 11-21 leaflets, oblong-lanceolate, small; flowers red or purple, in axillary racemes. Fruits pods, containing 4-8 seeds.

MEDICINAL PROPERTIES
Plant pacifies vitiated kapha, vata, poison, skin diseases, pruritus, jaundice, splenomegaly, filariasis, dysmenorrhea, anemia, fever, boils, pimple, and hemorrhoids.
Useful part : Whole plant

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