Botanical name : Vanilla planifolia Linn. (Vanilla fragrans)
Family : Orchidaceae
Rasa : Katu, Tikta
Guna : Lakhu
Virya : Ushna
PLANT NAME IN DIFFERENT LANGUAGES
English : Vanilla
Hindi : Vanilla
Malayalam : Vanilla
Distribution – Throughout India, cultivated.
Vanilla is a tropical climbing orchid, with a long green fleshy stem that sprouts roots that cling to trees parasitically. Leaves simple, alternate, fleshy, ovate and acute. Flowers yellowish green, in axillary spikes, which bloom one flower each day, they are only pollinated by Mexican bees and hummingbirds that are capable of penetrating a tough membrane that separates the plant’s pistil and stamen. The pods take about nine months to mature and are harvested when the tips begin to turn from yellow.
Plant pacifies vitiated vata, pitta, inflammation, pain, arthritis, fever, anemia, sickle cell anemia and used as a flavoring agent for food items. Useful part : Pods, Leaves.