Tuesday, September 8, 2009

Papaver somniferum

Botanical name : Papaver somniferum Linn.
Family : Papaveraceae

SANSKRIT SYNONYMS
Ahiphena, Khasatila, Subhrapushpa, Aphena

AYURVEDIC PROPERTIES
Rasa : Tikta, Kashaya
Guna : Sookshma, Rooksha, Vyavayi
Virya : Ushna
Vipaka : Katu
Prabhava : Madakari

PLANT NAME IN DIFFERENT LANGUAGES
English : Opium poppy
Hindi : Kaskas, Aphim
Malayalam : Avin, Karuppu, Kasakasa

Distribution – Cultivated in Rajasthan, Utter predesh and Madhya Pradesh states in India, and in Afghanistan and some parts of Europe.

PLANT DESCRIPTION
An erect annual herb, grows up to 60 cm in height. Leaves are solitary, alternate, lobed or toothed irregularly; flowers large bright red or white; fruits large globular capsules. Seeds white or dark brown.

MEDICINAL PROPERTIES
Plant pacifies vitiated vata, pitta, pain, diarrhea, colic, muscle spasm, insomnia, insanity, premature ejaculation, in controlled dose. In excess dose it acts as a narcotic.
Useful part : Fruits, seeds, petals, fruit extracts.

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