Botanical name : Ricinus communis Linn.
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Erandah, Panchangula, Vatari, Deerghadanda, Gandharvahasta, Tharuna, Vardhamana, Rubkam
Rasa : Kashaya, Madhura, Katu
Guna : Guru, Snigda, Teekshna, Sookshma
Virya : Ushna
PLANT NAME IN DIFFERENT LANGUAGES
English : Castor
Hindi : Erandi, Erand
Malayalam : Avanakku
A perennial, bushy, soft-wooded small tree with a thin greyish brown bark; leaves palmately lobed with seven or more serrate lobes; flowers monoecious in terminal panniculate racemes with crowded male flowers on the upper half of the inflorescence and the pistillate at the basal half; fruits globose, explosively dehiscent, 3-seeded capsules, when young it is green and covered with fleshy prickles; seeds oblong with smooth, hard, mottled crustaceous testa with a white caruncle at the top enclosing oily and fleshy endosperm
Plant pacifies vitiated vata, abdominal discomfort, constipation, inflammation, fever, ascites, bronchitis, cough, leprosy, skin diseases, colic and lumbago.
Useful parts : Root, Leaves, Flowers, Seeds, Oil