Saturday, September 5, 2009

Solanum xanthocarpum

Botanical name : Solanum xanthocarpum Schrad. & Wendl. (S.surattense Burm.f.)
Family : Solanaceae
SANSKRIT SYNONYMS
Kandakari, Nidigdhika
AYURVEDIC PROPERTIES
Rasa : Tikta, Katu
Guna : Lakhu, Snigdha
Virya : Ushna
PLANT NAME IN DIFFERENT LANGUAGES
English : Yellow berried nightshade.
Hindi : Remgani, Kateli, Kattaya
Malayalam : Kandakarichunda, Kandankattiri
Distribution – Growing naturally along the dry areas of India, along wastelands and roadsides.
PLANT DESCRIPTION
A much prickly, perennial under shrub grows up to 50 cm in height. Leaves ovate, or oblong, hairy on both sides, armed with prickles, along the nerves, flowers purple colored, in extra axillary cymes. Fruits globose, drooping berries, yellow on ripe, surrounded by persistent calyx at the base. Seeds many small, smooth and yellowish brown.
MEDICINAL PROPERTIES
Plant pacifies vitiated vata, kapha, skin diseases, worm infestations, dental caries, inflammations, arthritis, colic, flatulence, rheumatoid arthritis, cough, fever, asthma, bronchitis, amenorrhea, low back pain, hemorrhoids, epilepsy and kidney stones.
Useful part : Whole plant

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